Contrary to the common belief, attaining the status of Peace-man (Ṣāleḥ) is not accomplished through doing good deeds only. Such status is achieved through perceptions that lead to peace with God, peace with the universe, peace with oneself and peace with others.  In other words, a peace-man (Ṣāleḥ) has reached peace with every component of the universe, with himself and with others without any opposition. As a result, his thoughts, actions and speech are also formed based on this inner and all-encompassing peace.

Peace with God

Unless humans develop a proper perception of divine justice and Ḥekmat (God’s Wisdom), any unpleasant event in life can serve as a factor for their opposition to God. Therefore, this lack of awareness may lead to an assumption that God has been unjust to them, resulting not only in a denial of divine justice, but also in objections to divine wisdom (Ḥekmat).

This is while, according to divine justice (which is manifested through the prevailing laws in existence), the rights of all components of existence are upheld, and divine wisdom (Ḥekmat) systematically implements this justice.

We have all been created according to a grand and calculated plan. As we pass through different stages of life, we move closer to a valuable goal. Divine Wisdom (Ḥekmat) systematically implements such plan. However, this Truth (Ḥaqiqat) is only perceived through the Step of Love and awareness of this plan.

One who reaches perception and Illumination (the Shining/Ešrāq), on the one hand attains profound peace with God through a loving relationship, and on the other hand becomes grateful to Him with his entire being with full awareness of His wisdom (Ḥekmat) and justice. 

Another factor contributing to opposition to God is the lack of understanding and perception of the philosophy of servitude. Many of us mistakenly believe that servitude is a commodity for bargaining with God, while various acts of servitude are methods of drawing closer to Him. These acts are recommended to increase individuals’ certainty about the truths of existence, and through inner transformation, facilitate their growth in Kamāl (Spiritual Perfection).

Peace with Universe (Existence)

Considering the literal meaning of the word ‘Universe’, it can be said that the Universe is a set of existences, signifying the sacred essence of God and His creatures.

Peace with universe involves two transformations:

  • The realization of the significance of each component of the universe for humans, which astounds them with the profound interconnectedness between these components and enchants them with the prevailing love within the universe. 
  • Reaching the perception that it is necessary for every event in the universe to flow according to divine wisdom (Ḥekmat), and personal tendency should not be imposed upon any of the components of existence, including the firmament or time.

What drives humans towards such peace is “Symphasing with The Cosmos”, Symphasing with the Firmament, and Symphasing with Time. “Cosmic Symphasy” is a type of harmonization and coordination with the components of universe, which also leads to the perception of ‘Unity of Universe (Existence)’.

In other words, Cosmic Symphasy is the perception of the connection and interconnectedness of all components of the universe and their mutual reliance resulting in the formation of a unified whole. With such perception, it becomes evident that no component can be removed from this [Unified] body.

Human beings are also a part of the collection of the universe. If not in harmony and peace with other components of this collection, they will suffer from various mental, psychological, and physical ailments and will have a shorter lifespan. On the contrary, one type of human immunity (that is indeed the most important type of all) is immunity through love.  By embracing a profound love for the universe (existence), even encountering pathogenic factors does not pose significant threats.

Therefore, harmonizing with the universe and its components, as well as understanding the value of each component, indicates ‘peace with the universe (existence)’.  Although attaining this peace may not be as simple as peace with God, it is reachable through connection with Him and by His grace and mercy.

Peace with Oneself

Human beings find peace with themselves by acknowledging their position in the universe (existence) and mastering ‘Selfology’, and can manage their personal faculties in a healthy and dynamic manner based on this awareness. For a better understanding of this subject, it is necessary to study the different kinds of oppositions (Taʣādd) to oneself. 

The primary ground for opposition(Taʣādd) to oneself and all other forms of opposition lies in the ‘Bi-polarity’ of human existence, which provides the opportunity for their experimentation and growth.

Another key factor in opposition to oneself is each of the multiple tendencies associated with the (Bonyād) ‘Basis software, which accompanies humans from birth. By (Bonyād) ‘Basis’ software, we mean the temperament and Nature (Tinat) that newborns carry with them from birth.

This set includes ‘solitude-seeking,’ ‘superiority-seeking,’ and ‘affection-seeking,’ which respectively cause evasive, aggressive and compromising behavioral reactions.

A solitude-seeking individual tends to avoid any disturbance. Therefore, even the slightest disruption can lead to inner turmoil for them.

The tendency and effort of the individuals seeking superiority is to assert dominance over others. Therefore, encountering individuals who refuse to accept their dominance, leaves them feeling defeated and frustrated.

The weakness of the affection-seeking individuals is that they constantly need affection and attention from others. Therefore, any indifference or lack of affection can unsettle them, causing feelings of distress.

The important point is that for a healthy (psychologically speaking) personality, there is a balance between these three tendencies and their associated reactions. Attaining Knowledge (Maᶜrefat) and awareness, Cosmic Symphasy, and subsequently, the correction of outlook contribute to creating this balance.

The role of an individual’s criteria and outlooks in opposition to or peace with oneself is not only significant regarding the characteristics related to Bonyād (Basis); but also, as experience shows, in other types of opposition to oneself, unawareness, misguided criteria, and incorrect perspectives are major contributors to instability. Examples of such oppositions are as follows:

  • If an individual is not prepared to face social, political, economic, cultural, and other oppositions, he easily loses his inner balance when confronted with such issues. In other words, he experiences opposition to himself.
  • When an individual struggles to distinguish good and evil and feels helpless, he becomes confused both when making decisions and when his choice does not lead to the desired outcome, he suffers from opposition to himself.
  • If there is a lack of alignment and coordination between one’s actions and thoughts, the least consequence he may suffer is the escalation in inner pressures, ultimately leading to psychosomatic illnesses. One form of these oppositions between action and thought is dualistic behaviors, which lead to psychosomatic illness. These pressures indicate ‘opposition to oneself’.
  • Individuals who are afflicted with narcissism may seem to be at peace with themselves; however, narcissism significantly increases an individual’s vulnerability. Therefore, contrary to the common belief, these individuals experience severe inner opposition.

  • Individuals who find a significant disparity between their actual state and their ideal personality encounter such opposition that coupled with their Psychical Defense Reaction, may even lead to madness.

In any case, the opposing factors mentioned in each of these examples, are obstacles on the path toward peace with oneself. Controlling and managing all these factors requires awareness and perception, which lead a person to broad ‘Selfology’. Such perception is attained through the ‘Erfanic movement,’ and this underscores the importance of one’s connection (Etteṣāl) with God (which are the principle and essence of the Erfanic movement) in achieving peace with oneself. 

Peace with Others

The main barrier in reaching the status of the Peace-man (Ṣāleḥ) is opposition to others. Unlike other beings, the human being does not have fixed and predetermined behavior; and based on his free-will, he can have new existential effects (such as thought, actions, and speech) at any given moment. In other words, the human being is a creator within his own limits and when communicating with others, he exposes them to his diverse existential effects. This leads to differences of opinion, conflicting interests, annoyances, and misunderstandings, laying the basis of their opposition to each other.

Therefore, while it is possible for a person to realize the sanctity of each component of the universe through the perception of the universe (as a Uni-Body), and attain the status of ‘Peace with the Universe’, he may find it challenging to be free from opposition to fellow human beings. In such a state, the truth that each individual is a divine manifestation is neglected and people lose their sanctity and mutual respect.

However, by attaining Knowledge (Maᶜrefat), individuals can accept everyone as they are in their own position.  Even if they disapprove of their actions, they will not bear personal hatred and opposition towards them. Therefore, while they keep away from such false behaviors and perspectives, and even confront them, internally, they respect all those individuals as divine manifestations and are at peace with them.

Unity in Universe (Existence)

The unity of components of the universe is an undeniable truth. Just as God is ‘one’, so is His shadow.  Nevertheless, it is better to describe the universe as a reflection of God, showcasing His unity through its integrity. The multiplicity that exists in the universe is itself linked to this unity, and in short, the foundation of the world is based on unity.

In light of this unity and integrity, all components of existence comprise a ‘Uni-Body’, each holding a unique significance in relation to one another. If human beings reach the perception of this unity, they will no longer object to the existence of anything in the universe and will acknowledge the necessity of each component within this immense collection. 

They will realize that the creation of no creature or phenomenon is futile, and even the smallest components of the universe contribute to the realization of the greatest objectives of the creation. 

An unaware human being is like a cherry on a tree branch, believing itself to be independent of its neighboring cherry. Ignorant of the roles of leaves, roots, and other components, it only considers its own existence as fruit to be significant and valid. It fails to realize that its existence is intertwined with the existence of the other components of the tree, and without them, it could have never existed, let alone be proud of itself.

On the contrary, the perception of the Uni-Body of existence endows one the outlook wherein not only he acknowledges the significant presence of every divine manifestation in the universe, but also refrains from committing any injustice toward any creature, for he finds the existence of everything within the scope of his own being. Through this perception of the Uni-Body, he comes to realize that his existence encompasses a vastness that embraces them all.

World Peace

Today, world peace is one of the most serious and significant discourses in international relations, as efforts are being made with a renewed perspective to promote this sublime goal extensively across various classes of human societies. 

The globalization of the peace phenomenon, an ancient human ideal, contributes to the fading of borders, uniting nations, and ensuring the full realization of human rights and freedoms. The prerequisite for the promotion of world peace is the communication and dialogue among intellectuals. This way we can witness fundamental changes in worldviews and the actions of influential individuals on our earthly planet.

Preserving peace and promoting justice are fundamental to realizing and implementing human rights. By embracing the perspective of ‘Interuniversalism’ or ‘Universe-citizen’ and expanding this ideology on a global scale, we can eliminate any threat to the lives of humans and all living beings.

The current hostile turmoil in the global arena stems from the absence of peace and the violation of justice, which has consistently jeopardized international security and environmental conditions for all inhabitants of the Earth.

One of the objectives of the Taheri Peace Organization is to foster sustainable peace, peaceful living, and advance justice and environmental protection. To achieve these goals, the organization invites comprehensive cooperation from all international organizations and institutions.

Human and Knowledge

from the collection of the books by the founder of Erfan-e Keyhani Halgheh
Mohammad Ali Taheri